Multiplication is a basic math concept that every child should master before progressing to more challenging problem solving and higher-order thinking. It is ideal for a child to learn multiplication between second to third grade as in this way the child will be better prepared to handle third and fourth-grade topics such as fractions, division, and multi-digit multiplication. The better your child’s multiplication skills are, the more confident and successful he or she will be in maths. However, before learning multiplication, you should ensure that your child is already proficient in addition and subtraction. This is because each mathematical skill and set should be taught in a certain order such that each subsequent skill builds on the previous one. In this case, multiplication builds on addition and subtraction skills as you can also deduce the multiple of a number through adding or subtracting sets of that number. Here are some of the ways you can help your child learn multiplication facts and boost their math skills.
A multiplication array is one of the tools you can use to teach multiplication effectively to your child. Creating a multiplication array involves creating a square grid where each number from one to ten is written on the leftmost column and the top row. The products of each number then occupy all the grids in the middle. This array helps your child with visualizing the numbers and their relations to each other. This method is useful for multiplication because manipulatives can be challenging for young children and they may not comprehend the sequences and relations of different products. A multiplication array also builds spatial awareness as children have to fill in the different grids which correspond to the correct value. Lastly, a multiplication array could be a great way for your child to easily memorize the multiplication table wherever he or she goes. If written on a cue card, your child could browse the card on his way to school or in the car and thus spend time to constantly revise and memorize the table.
Teach Before Practice
Parents, teachers, and tutors should also ensure that each lesson is appropriately paced to the child’s needs and that each lesson’s content is broken up into manageable chunks. They can also begin the lesson by arousing interest in the subject of multiplication, such as by having students brainstorm about objects that come in pairs and threes. Teachers and parents should also frequently ask questions to ensure that the child can keep up with the pace of the lesson. By integrating play and games with math lessons, children will be able to learn much faster and enjoy learning. Ensure that your child can use addition and subtraction and easier mathematical skills as a stepping stone to learning multiplication. It would also be good for your child to practice each times table until they have mastered it before progressing to products of different numbers.
Practice Makes Perfect
That’s right, sometimes the only way to get better at a skill is through pure hard work and practice. Other than incorporating games and puzzles to teach the lesson, it is equally important to test your child’s understanding through regular practice and problem-solving. By doing math drills and quizzes progressively and correcting your child’s mistakes, your child will be more confident in his multiplication skills and remember them much better. This is opposed to just learning without any reinforcement or testing of the concept.